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The RI General Assembly honors RI Rivers Council 25th Anniversary.  On January 13, 2016, the RI General Assembly passed a resolution introduced by Representative Eileen Naughton, Senator Susan Sosnowski and Senator Michael McCaffrey celebrating the RI Rivers Council's 25th Anniversary.
General Assembly Resolution
Capitol TV Photo Montage

Ten Mile River Watershed Council receives state designation from the RI Rivers Council.  On November 18, 2015, the RI Rivers Council approved "state designation" for the Ten Mile River Watershed Council (TMRWC). The TMRWC is the tenth local watershed council now operating with state designation which provides legal standing to represent water bodies in their respective watersheds and eligibility to receive state grants from the RI Rivers Council.
Ten Mile River Watershed Council

Blackstone River Valley National Historical Park Establishment Act and Wood-Pawcatuck Watershed Protection Act.  On December 12th, Congress passed and on December 19th, 2014, President Obama signed these two acts into law which give national park status to designated parts of the Blackstone River Valley and provide a preliminary major step towards national wild & scenic river status to designated parts of the Wood-Pawcatuck Watershed.
Senator Reed News Release on Passage of BRVNHPEA

Paddle Across Rhode Island.  Congratulations to RI Rivers Council members Chuck Horbert, Jim Cole and two fellow paddlers for completing their north to south paddle across Rhode Island from July 6th to July 13th, 2014. Upon completion, Chuck Horbert encouraged young people to appreciate and experience outdoor recreational adventure within Rhode Island.
Paddle Across RI - Reflections by Participant David Smith  (ecoRI article)
Paddle Across RI Page at the Blueways and Greenways Website
Paddle Across RI Facebook Page
Four adventurers paddle — and pull — their way through Rhode Island 
(Providence Journal article)

Jane Sherman recipient of River Hero Award from the River Network. On June 2, 2014, in Pittsburgh, PA, Jane Sherman was one of five recipients of the 2014 River Heroes Awards from the River Network for her work with the Woonasquatucket River Watershed Council and improving the quality of life in the Olneyville section of Providence as well as throughout the watershed. Ms. Sherman was also a long serving member of the RI Rivers Council. Congratulations to Jane Sherman for receiving this well deserved national award.
River Network River Heroes Webpage
WRWC River Hero Webpage

Biogeochemistry of RI Rivers. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) in close collaboration with Save The Bay is conducting an analytical survey of Rhode Island and southern Massachusetts rivers. They are studying four rivers – Blackstone, Pawcatuck, Pawtuxet, Taunton – and took samples from March 2012 to February 2013. This study was supported by a grant from the van Beuren Charitable Foundation of Newport. Dr. Bernhard Peucker-Ehrenbrink, principal investigator for WHOI, gave a presentation at Save the Bay on February 26, 2014, with some preliminary results. He said there is still evidence of nutrient contamination in these rivers; however, these rivers are not the principal source of nutrient contamination to Narragansett Bay. He said that wastewater treatment facilities have significantly reduced nutrients in the rivers, and the volume of the rivers’ discharge is slight compared to small stream direct runoff to the bay. He also said they found higher amounts of sodium in the rivers than anticipated, but the reason was likely not road salt because comparable amounts of chloride are not present. Regarding mercury, he said atmospheric deposition from regional coal power plants is likely responsible for amounts higher than normal background levels. Overall, he recommended strategies, programs and projects to create green buffers and related approaches to reduce runoff and increase infiltration of stormwater. For further information, contact Marci Cole Ekberg or Rachel Calabro at Save the Bay. 
WHOI RI Rivers Webpage
WHOI World River Group

Wood-Pawcatuck Watershed Association Kenyon Mill Dam Removal Project.  The Wood-Pawcatuck Watershed Association has completed a $1.2 million project to build a rock ramp up to the Kenyon Mill Dam on the Pawcatuck River. This project was the last in a series of dam removals and fish passage projects which will restore historic fish runs up the Pawcatuck River all the way from Little Narragansett Bay in Westerly to Wordon Pond in South Kingstown. Funders of the project included NOAA, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, the RI Coastal Resources Management Council, Save the Bay, Restore America's Estuaries and the Nature Conservancy.
Providence Journal article about the projects

Blackstone River Valley National Historical Park Establishment Act. On June 12, 2013, the RI Rivers Council adopted a resolution urging Congress to pass the Blackstone River Valley National Historical Park Establishment Act. On June 1, 2013, US Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell visited the Blackstone River Valley and endorsed the establishment of the park. In July, 2011, the National Park Service in its Blackstone River Valley Special Resource Study recommended as it preferred alternative the establishment of the Blackstone River Valley National Historical Park to be representative of the nation's industrial heritage. The National Park System now has 401 permanent units of which 46 units are National Historical Parks.  In August, 2011, US Secretary the Interior Ken Salazar endorsed the proposal in a visit to RI. Also in August, 2011, the RI Rivers Council urged adoption of the study's preferred alternative. On April 21, 2012, the 27th Annual RI Statewide Historic Preservation Conference was held in Woonsocket and attended by over 500 people. The conference theme of "From Corridor to Park" was addressed by a variety of speakers and panels. The legislation would include the river as part of the park as recommended by the RI Rivers Council and other groups and individuals. The RI Rivers Council urges individuals and groups to express their support for the establishment of the park in letters to Congress. 
RI Rivers Council Resolution of June 12, 2013
S371, Blackstone River Valley National Historical Park Establishment Act
HR706, Blackstone River Valley National Historical Park Establishment Act
Blackstone River Valley Special Resource Study
Blackstone Valley Corridor

Wood-Pawcatuck Watershed Protection Act. On June 11, 2013, the US House of Representatives passed HR723, and on June 12, 2013, sent the bill to the US Senate. US Representative Jim Langevin of RI and US Representative Joe Courtney of CT originally introduced the legislation on November 4, 2011, that would initiate a study by the Secretary of Interior of the wild and scenic attributes of the Wood-Pawcatuck Watershed for potential addition of the Beaver, Chipuxet, Queen, Wood and Pawcatuck Rivers to the National Wild and Scenic Rivers System. The study and report is to be completed within three years of being funded. Congressional testimony was also heard on April 17, 2012. See the WPWA link below for a full array of information about the Wild & Scenic designation effort.
WPWA Wild and Scenic designation effort information page
HR723, Wood-Pawcatuck Watershed Protection Act
Rep Langevin press release on Wood-Pawcatuck Watershed Protection Act

Beaver Population in RI. Upon inquiry in the summer of 2013 from the RI Rivers Council about the beaver population in the state, RIDEM Division of Fish & Wildlife biologist Charles Brown reported: “Beavers currently occur in seven of the states watersheds (Blackstone, Pawtuxet, Pawcatuck, Quinebaug, Hunt, Moshassuck, and Woonasquatucket) and possibly at a few other sites outside of the major watershed boundaries (e.g. Matunuck Hills). In some watersheds such as the Pawcatuck and Quinebaug where there has been about forty years of occupation, they are well distributed throughout the watershed in appropriate habitats. Others, such as the Moshassuck, Woonasquatucket, and Hunt, where they have only in the last few years made inroads, their distribution is limited, maybe to just a few sites. The population continues to expand in these watersheds and portions of the Blackstone and Pawtuxet. There are no beaver in Bristol or Newport Counties.” The RI Rivers Council is appreciative of RIDEM wildlife biologist Charles Brown and assistant director for natural resources Catherine Sparks for providing this report. After deliberation since mid-spring, in August, 2013, Town of Cumberland Mayor Daniel McKee said that the town considers the beaver population at Diamond Hill Park to be a wildlife asset and not a nuisance. For more information, see "Cumberland officials make peace with Diamond Hill beavers" by Joseph Fitzgerald, Pawtucket Times, August 27, 2013.

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) Emergency Watershed Protection (EWP) Program. Financial and technical assistance has been approved for the State of Rhode Island to undertake emergency measures of repair due to damage resulting from Hurricane Sandy. The Emergency Watershed Protection (EWP) Program was developed by Congress to respond to emergencies caused by natural disasters. In order to qualify for assistance under the program, emergencies must result in life and property threatening impacts. The EWP Program is not geared towards providing assistance to individual property owners, but targets groups negatively impacted as a result of a natural disaster.
USDA NRCS RI Office Emergency Watershed Protection Program

RI Renewable Energy Siting Partnership (RESP). RESP was a federally funded project conducted through the RI Office of Energy Resources and URI to analyse renewable energy siting, including hydropower. To assess hydropower potential in the state, RESP utilized two modeling programs: the Idaho National Laboratory Virtual Hydropower Prospector and the US Geological Survey StreamStats. Chris Damon of the URI Environmental Data Center oversaw this element of the RESP agenda. RESP concluded project study in late 2012. Results indicated hydropower potential primarily exists on the Blackstone, Pawtuxet and Ten Mile Rivers in the five to ten megawatt range.
RI Renewable Energy Siting Partnership
Idaho National Laboratory Virtual Hydropower Prospector
US Geological Survey StreamStats

RI Habitat Restoration Team Rivers Working Group. The RI Habitat Restoration Team formed a Rivers Working Group in 2011. For further information, contact RI Rivers Council Vice Chair Rachel Calabro at Save the Bay.
RI Habitat Restoration Team Rivers Working Group
Save the Bay Dam Analysis & Recommendations
RIDEM F&W Strategic Plan for the Restoration of Anadromous Fishes (Dec 2002)

Pawtuxet Falls Dam Removal. A web address was set up to document the Pawtuxet Falls dam removal project that occurred in August, 2011. A celebration was held on Friday, September 30th on the Pawtuxet Village bridge followed by a reception at the Aspray Boathouse. See the Providence Journal 10/1/11 article by Richard Salit entitled "Pawtuxet River dam removal a boon to spawning fish."
Pawtuxet Falls Dam Removal

Two employees monitor the state's 671 dams Article by John Hill, Providence Journal, March 28, 2011
Newspaper article
RIDEM Dam Inventory

Rivers Institute at Hanover College Hanover College in Indiana, located on the Ohio River, operates a "Rivers Institute" and maintains a "rivers" special collection in its library.
Rivers Institute at Hanover College
Rivers Institute at Hanover College Library Collection

Tim Palmer. From 1975 to the present, Tim Palmer has been the author and photographer for over twenty books about rivers and river conservation. He was the first recipient of a lifetime achievement award from the American Rivers organization based in Washington, DC. Tim grew up in Pennsylvania and now lives in Oregon when not out and about observing and photographing America's rivers.
Tim Palmer website

"The problems of rivers fall into six categories: pollution, dams, diversions, altered channels, riverfront development, and the invasion of exotic species." - Tim Palmer, Rivers of America, Page 184.

Rivers and Water Annotated Bibliography

Anisfeld, Shimon. Water Resources. Washington, DC: Island Press, 2010. A primer on water resources that describes balancing the many differing demands for water.

Ball, Philip. Life's Matrix: A Biography of Water. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2000. OSLC. British physicist describes the many properties of water.

Barlow, Maude, and Tony Clarke. Blue Gold: The Fight to Stop the Corporate Theft of the World’s Water. New York: New Press, 2002. OSLC. A seminal book that describes the range of problems associated with the privatization of water systems by multi-national corporations.

Barlow, Maude. Blue Covenant: The Global Water Crisis and the Coming Battle for the Right to Water. New York: The New Press, 2007. OSLC. An argument to include water as a basic human right and make water rights part of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which was established by the United Nations in 1948.

Bolling, David. How to Save a River: A Handbook for Citizen Action. Washington, DC: River Network - Island Press, 1994. Outlines citizen participation tools for stream conservation in the United States.

Brierley, Gary and Kirstie Fryirs. River Futures: An Integrative Scientific Approach to River Repair. Washington, DC: Island Press, 2008. Integrative river science and management defined.

Brown, Charles and RIDEM Division of Fish and Wildlife. Beavers in Rhode Island: A Guide to History, Behavior, and Coping with Problems Associated with Beaver Activities. South Kingstown, RI: RIDEMF&W Great Swamp Field Office, 2002. Wildlife Leaflet Number 21. Highly informative twelve page publication.

Brown, Peter and Jeremy Schmidt. Water Ethics: Foundational Readings for Students and Professionals. Washington, DC: Island Press, 2010. Collection of sixteen articles with introductions by the editors.

Butterworth, Jez (Jeremy). The River. London: 2012. British play that premiered in the UK in 2012 is scheduled to open on Broadway in January 2015 with Hugh Jackman in the lead role.

Cole, Jim. Paddling Connecticut and Rhode Island: Southern New England's Best Paddling Routes. Guilford, CT: Falcon, 2009. OSLC. Contains a variety of paddles from slow easy urban trips to more challenging outings such as coastal open water expeditions as well as wilderness type adventures through rural forested areas. Author Jim Cole is a gubernatorial appointee to the RI Rivers Council.

Dugan, Patrick, ed. Firefly Guide to Wetlands. Buffalo, NY: Firefly Books, 2005. OSLC. A comprehensive description of the benefits and geography of wetlands worldwide.

Duncan, Dayton and Ken Burns. The National Parks: America's Best Idea. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2009. OSLC. Rivers are central elements to many of America's National Parks. This book and the Ken Burns film of the same name tell the story of America's national park system from the time of Lincoln to the end of the Twentieth Century. The book and film provide excellent background information in regard to establishing the Blackstone River Valley National Historical Park.

Dunwell, Frances. The Hudson: America’s River. NY: Columbia University Press, 2008. OSLC. Thirty year river advocate Fran Dunwell updates and expands 1991 The Hudson River Highlands with result being nine by twelve inch 363 page book with many fine illustrations. Forward by Robert F. Kennedy, Jr.

Fishman, Charles. The Big Thirst: The Secret Life and Turbulent Future of Water. New York: Free Press, 2011. OSLC. A business journalist's perspective on trends in water management.

Fitts, Frederic. "Water Rights in RI, 1790-1840: The Commodification of the Landscape." Rhode Island History, 61:2, Summer 2003. Pages 27-35. Description of water rights legislation during early history of the state.

Freeman, Mike. Drifting: Two Weeks on the Hudson. Albany: Excelsior Editions/State University of New York Press, 2011. OSLC. Newport RI resident Freeman, after spending a decade working on Alaskan fish and wildlife projects, describes his 2009 paddle down the Hudson River with meditations on the river's role in American economic, political and cultural history.

Ganz, Marshall. Why David Sometimes Wins: Leadership, Organization, and Strategy in the California Farmworker Movement. NY: Oxford University Press, 2009. Case study by Harvard University professor and author of the "story-structure-strategy model" of community organizing and nonprofit organizational development and effectiveness.

Geake, Marshall. History of the Providence River with the Moshassuck, Woonasquatucket and Seekonk Tributaries. Charleston, SC: History Press, 2013. Overview of the cultural history of the Providence area in relation to its river systems. Includes forward by RI Historian Laureate Patrick Conley.

Gleick, Peter et al. The World’s Water 2008-2009: The Biennial Report on Freshwater Resources. Washington, DC: Island Press, 2008. Considered one of the most qualitative summaries of water science and management updated every two years.

Gleick, Peter. Bottled and Sold: The Story Behind Our Obsession with Bottled Water. Washington, DC: Island Press, 2010. OSLC. An outline of the pros and cons of bottled water in relation to tap water by one of the world’s leading water experts.

Glennon, Robert. Unquenchable: America’s Water Crisis and What To Do About It. Washington, DC: Island Press, 2010. OSLC. An ironic and comical examination of the mismanagement of water.

Goldman, Matthew. The Journals of Constant Waterman: Paddling, Poling and Sailing For the Love of It. Halcottsville, NY: Breakaway Books, 2007. OSLC. Reflections on paddling and sailing in the Southwestern Rhode Island and Southeastern Connecticut area.

Grossman, Elizabeth. Watershed: The Undamming of America. New York: Counterpoint, 2002. OSLC. A journalist examines dam removal projects in nine states.

Jackson, Donald C. Life in a Shell: A Physiologist's View of a Turtle. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2011. Brown University Professor Emeritus of Medical Science Jackson examines many attributes of turtles, especially ability to survive with low oxygen conditions.

Leopold, Luna, M Wolman and J Miller. Fluvial Processes in Geomorphology. San Francisco: WH Freeman, 1964. Dover reprint, 1995. Dr. Leopold (1915 – 2006, son of conservationist Aldo Leopold) earned his doctorate in geology from Harvard, worked as chief hydrologist for the USGS in the 1950s and 1960s, and became a professor of geology at UC Berkeley. He authored or coauthored eight books including this classic.

Leopold, Luna. A View of the River. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1994. URI Library. Harvard University Press reissued in 2006. Author's principal text addressing river protection and restoration.

Lewis, Tom. The Hudson: A History. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2005. OSLC. Skidmore College English professor Tom Lewis provides chapter length stories about the Hudson River’s influence on American cultural history.

Libby, Alan D. Inland Fishes of Rhode Island. West Kingston, RI: RIDEM Division of Fish and Wildlife, 2013. OSLC. Illustrations by Robert Jon Golder, 287 pages. Long term survey information summary with species habitat locations cited on a map of the state's watersheds.

Lohan, Tara. Water Matters: Why We Need to Act Now to Save Our Most Critical Resource. Washington, DC: Island Press, 2010. Collection of articles by activists, artists, photographers and writers urging preservation and protection.

New England River Basins Commission. Report of the Southeastern New England Study: A Strategy for Balanced Development and Protection of Water and Related Land Resources in Eastern Massachusetts and Rhode Island. Boston, MA: New England River Basins Commission, 1975. Baselines and benchmarks set under the provisions of the federal Water Resources Planning Act of 1965.

Nichols, Wallace J. Blue Mind: The surprising science that shows how being near, in, on, or under water can make you happier, healthier, more connected, and better at what you do. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 2014. Subtitle summarizes.

O’Brien, Francis Joseph, Jr. (Frank Waabu O’Brien). Understanding Indian Place Names in Southern New England. Boulder, CO: Bauu Press, 2010. Anaquatucket: “at the end of the river, at the end of the tidal current”, page 30; Kickemuit: “where the otter passes, at the large spring”, page 52; Moshassuck: “great brook in the marshy meadow, great fish, meadow”, page 66; Pawcatuck: “the clear divided tidal stream, open divided stream”, page 88; Pawtuxet: “at the little falls”, page 89; Pocasset: “where the stream widens”, page 92; Saugatucket: “at the outlet of the tidal river”, page 106; Usquepaug: “at the end of the pond”, page 119; Woonasquatucket: “at the head of the tidal river”, page 130.

Outwater, Alice. Water: A Natural History. New York: Basic Books, 1996. OSLC. An environmental engineer reflects on the many uses of water. Includes an excellent chapter describing how extensively beavers dammed and ponded the North American continent prior to European contact.

Palmer, Tim. Lifelines: The Case for River Conservation. Washington, DC: Island Press, 1994. OSLC. Revised edition published in 2004. Arguments for river conservation set forth with balance of logic and emotion.

Palmer, Tim. Rivers of America. New York: Abrams, 2006. OSLC. Exquisite photos combined with wise thoughts.

Patrick, Ruth. Rivers of the United States. New York: Wiley, 1994. Dr. Patrick of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University in Philadelphia was an authority on America's river systems. She developed protocols for measuring diatom biodiversity as an indicator of freshwater ecosystem health. She passed away at age 105 in October, 2013.

Pesch, CE, EJ Schumchenis, MA Charpentier, MC Pelletier. Imprint of the Past: Ecological History of Greenwich Bay, RI. Narragansett, RI: USEPA, Office of R&D, Atlantic Ecology Division, 2012. EPA/600/R-12/050. 60 pages. Comprehensive historical analysis.

Pielou, Evelyn. Fresh Water. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998. OSLC. A natural history classic that includes scientific sketches by the academic Canadian ecologist known for mathematical modeling of natural systems.

Postel, Sandra and Brian Richter. Rivers for Life: Managing Water for People and Nature. Washington, DC: Island Press, 2003. OSLC. Excellent discussion of river flow science and management, river policy toolbox and building blocks for better river governance.

Prud’homme, Alex. The Ripple Effect: The Fate of Freshwater in the Twenty-First Century. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2010. OSLC. Interesting anecdotes about water quality, drought, flood, conflict and innovation. Alex Prud’homme also co-authored My Life in France with his famous aunt, Julia Child. His takes on water reflect his cosmopolitan perspective.

Ryden, Hope. Lily Pond: Four Years with a Family of Beavers. New York: William Morrow / HarperCollins, 1989. An article by Ryden in the New York Times Magazine about beavers led to the State of New York naming the beaver its "state animal" in 1974.

Schneider, Paul. Old Man River: The Mississippi River in North American History. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 2013. A history from the deep geologic past to the present.

Seeger, Pete. Pete Seeger: In His Own Words. Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers, 2012. Includes a section: "The environmental movement and the ship Clearwater." Also see: Kunhardt, Peter et al. Til the River Runs Clear. NY: WNET-Thirteen PBS Home Video, 2007. Twenty-seven minute documentary about Hudson River conservation efforts with Pete Seeger and friends. OSLC.

Skehan, James W. Roadside Geology of Connecticut and Rhode Island. Missoula, Montana: Mountain Press Publishing Company, 2008. OSLC. Excellent explanations of the geological history of the area with qualitative maps, diagrams and photos. Eastern New England bedrock is generally younger than Western New England bedrock due to continental accretion processes involving the Avalon volcanic chain collision with Gondwana approximately 600 million years ago and during the formation of Pangea 300 to 400 million years ago. Highly recommended.

Solomon, Steven. Water: The Epic Struggle for Wealth, Power and Civilization. New York: HarperCollins, 2010. OSLC. A comprehensive description of the role of water within the context of world history.

Smith, Martin J. The Wild Duck Chase: Inside the Strange and Wonderful World of the Federal Duck Stamp Contest. New York: Walker Publishing Company, 2012. Former senior editor of the Los Angeles Times Magazine provides an insightful and witty historical description of the Federal Duck Stamp Program. Which state buys the most federal duck stamps? Minnesota, "America's duck factory."

Stein, Richard, ed. Water Supply. New York: HW Wilson, 2008. OSLC. A collection of eighteen articles with a diversity of opinion about global water supplies.

Weber, Ken. Paddling Southern New England: Thirty Canoe Trips in Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut. Woodstock, VT: Backcountry Guides, 2001. OSLC. First edition of 1980 went through twelve printings; second edition added paddles such as Upper Pawtuxet River (Hope Dam to Gainer Dam and back) and Lower Pawtuxet River (Knight Street to Pawtuxet Village.) Author and naturalist Ken Weber’s passing in August, 2007, at age 63, occurred too early. His spirit lives on in his newspaper columns and books that described many fun and interesting observations, walks, rambles and paddles throughout Southern New England.

Weber, Ken. Wanderings. Wickford, RI: Dutch Island Press, 1989. OSLC. Ninety-six columns published in the Providence Sunday Journal Magazine from June, 1984 to July, 1988. Twenty-four columns for each season. Excellent insights to RI's natural history from an Ohio farmboy who became a city newspaper journalist.

Wilson, Alex and John Hayes. Quiet Water Massachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode Island: AMC's Canoe and Kayak Guide to 100 of the Best Ponds, Lakes and Easy Rivers, Third Edition. Boston, MA: Appalachian Mountain Club Books, 2014. Distributed by The Globe Pequot Press, Guilford, CT. OSLC. Thirteen of the one hundred recommended paddles are in Rhode Island. Pages 181 to 219 of 340 pages.

OSLC indicates availability through the Ocean State Libraries Catalog which connects the state's public libraries.
Ocean State Libraries Catalog

Island Press is a nonprofit organization based in Washington, DC, that is the nation’s leading publisher on environmental issues with 800 titles in print and some 40 new releases each year.
Island Press

Scientific Investigation Reports of Rhode Island’s Watersheds

Barlow, Lora. 2003. Estimated Water Use and Availability in the Lower Blackstone River Basin, Northern RI and South-Central MA. US Geological Survey Investigations Report 2003-4190, 75p.

Nimiroski, Mark and Emily Wild. 2006. Water Use and Availability in the West Narragansett Bay Area, Coastal RI. US Geological Survey Investigations Report 2005-5256, 54p.

Nimiroski, Mark and Emily Wild. 2005. Water Use and Availability in the Woonasquatucket and Moshassuck River Basins, North-Central RI. US Geological Survey Investigations Report 2005-5031, 44p.

Veeger, Anne et al. 2003. Water Use and Availability, Block Island, RI. RI Geological Survey Report 03-01, 22p.

Wild, Emily. 2007. Estimated Water Use and Availability in the East Bay Narragansett study area. US Geological Survey Investigations Report 2007-5168, 51p.

Wild, Emily and Mark Nimiroski. 2007. Estimated Water Use and Availability in the Pawtuxet and Quinebaug River Basins, RI. US Geological Survey Investigations Report 2005-5154, 68p.

Wild, Emily and Mark Nimiroski. 2005. Estimated Water Use and Availability in the South Coastal Drainage Basin. US Geological Survey Investigations Report 2005-5288, 46p.

Wild, Emily and Mark Nimiroski. 2004. Estimated Water Use and Availability in the Pawcatuck Basin, Southern RI and Southeastern CT. US Geological Survey Investigations Report 2004-5020, 72p.

Links to these reports can be found at the water data page on the RI Water Resources Board website.
RIWRB Water Data

Compilation and Annotations by Guy Lefebvre, RI Rivers Council